Installing WordPress Manually

This is part of a series of articles covering the basics of installing and using WordPress aimed at new-comers to WordPress and to CMS usage also.

In this tutorial, we will:

  • Upload the latest WordPress release via FTP to our webhost.
  • Create a database to store our posts.
  • Create a username with permissions for your database.
  • Install WordPress.

If your web-host offers a ‘one-click install‘ for WordPress, you may want to take that route.

Getting WordPress

Go to the official WordPress site and click the Download button on the right. At time of writing, the latest version is 2.6.1.

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Once your download is complete (it’s only 1mb, so it’s quick), extract the wordpress folder. Using your preferred FTP client, transfer these files to your web host.

If you are not familiar with FTP, or do not know the login details for your account, please consult your web host’s documentation as the details can vary between hosts.

Alternatively, you could use the File Manager provided in your web host’s Administration area.

For this example, I will be uploading the WordPress files to a folder named blog on my website – which will make my installation accessible at http://www.example.com/blog.

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Creating a Database

WordPress requires a database to store all information generated by it such as posts, pages, comments and settings.
The next few steps can vary between host-to-host, but the basic steps involved will be the same. If you cannot find a certain option, please consult your web host’s documentation or contact their customer support.

Login to your web-hosting account page. On there, you should see a ‘Manage Databases’, ‘MySQL Databases’ or similar button.

One of the most-used control panels for web-hosting accounts is ‘cPanel’. If your host uses this, it should look:

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Or in MediaTemple it shows as:

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In here, you will need to create a new database. Enter a name for it and click ‘Create’. You will then be presented with a success screen with the full name of your new database.

WARNING: Take special note of your new database name. Most web hosts will add a prefix to the beginning of its name – making wpdata become mysite_wpdata (for example).

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Database User

You will now need to assign a new database user to your database so WordPress and read and write to the database.

Under where you created a database, you should see the heading ‘Current Users’. Here, enter a username and password for your database and click ‘Create’. You will then see a success screen confirming these details.

WARNING: As before, take special note of your database username. Most web hosts will add a prefix to the beginning of it – making wpuser become mysite_wpuser (for example).

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The All-Important Bit!

On the same page as before, there is a heading ‘Add Users To Your Databases’. From the two drop-down boxes in this section select the database and username we created.

Ensure ‘ALL’ is selected for the Privileges and click ‘Add’.

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Database Hostname

Again, on the same page is a heading ‘Access Hosts’. On probably 99% of hosts, you should see ‘localhost’. If not, take special note of this, it’s your hostname.

Setting Up WordPress

It’s all straight-forward from here. In your web-browser, go to the location on your site you uploaded WordPress, eg. http://www.example.com/blog.

You should be asked to create a WordPress Configuration file. Click the button to continue and then ‘Lets Go!’ on the next page.

On this page, you will need to enter the database name, username, password and hostname which we created in the previous steps.
You can leave Table Prefix as it is.

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On the next page, press ‘Run the install’.
Enter your a name for your Blog and your email address and press ‘Install’.

You will now be taken to the Success page with your Administrator login details. Make special note of these details, and hit ‘Log In’ to get started with your brand-new WordPress Blog!

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Summary

Congrats! You have now installed a new WordPress blog!
If this is your first time using WordPress, be sure to check out our Getting Started with WordPress article; and don’t forget to check-out some of the awesome themes avaliable for WordPress in ThemeForest.


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Comments
  • I will look out for continuous series. This was too simple even for me, but thanks for explaining!

  • Justin says:

    Another great recommendation is to put your uploads/ (Miscellaneous options in Dashboard) outside of the wp-content directory on your web server.

    I usually create a folder say in my root web folder uploads or files/ and chmod that. Just nice to keep it out of the wp-content for possibly security purposes.

    Just a thought!

  • ko says:

    I am having problems with the images, the server is saying: Unable to create a directory and it is asking me: Is Its parent directory writable by the server?

    So any advice?
    ~ko

  • ali says:

    simple and easy

  • Maxi says:

    Good job man

  • Carter says:

    You should include something about setting permissions. For the MediaTemple users out there, http://www.dustinsdesign.com/perfect-permissions-for-joomla-and-plesk/ provides very helpful instructions. It’s written for Joomla, but it works just fine for WordPress installations.

  • kris says:

    i feel like a dumba$$ because all of this still sounds greek to me :( i’m a designer and I can do css/html…but all this wordpress confuses the crap out of me still :(

  • lorcan sweeney says:

    Hi All, I am new to word press, I was wondering, I dont have a host site. Can I install wordpress on my normal pc and install the database too. I bought wordpress of the shelf template and would like to know if I can install wordpress and use the template on my pc, by downing loading server software for my pc. Eventually I will get a host server. But at the moment I would like to use my home pc.

    thanks

    lorcan